Phonics

  • Below is a list of all the phonics skills we will be learning this year.  On 
    the homework I will list which skill we are currently studying.
    
    1) Review letter sounds.
    2) Blending (reading) and segmenting (spelling) CVC (consonant-short vowel-
    consonant) words.
    3) The digraphs wh, ch, sh, th and ck "stick together" to form one sound.
    4) Wh is only used at the beginning of a word.
    5) CK is only used at the end of a word after a short vowel.
    6) Bonus letters.  At the end of a one syllable word, if the word has one 
    vowel immediately followed by a f, l or s at the end, double that consonant 
    (hill, miss, puff)
    7) The letter a followed by double l does not have the expected short vowel 
    sound (all is considered a glued sound).
    8) Sometimes the letter z does not get doubled and sometimes it does (whiz, 
    buzz).
    9) Glued sounds are more than 1 sound but they are glued closely together i.e 
    all.
    10) Glued sounds "am" and "an".
    11) R controlled Vowels, i.e. ar, er, ir, ur and or.  The vowels are controlled by the 
    "r" and do not make their expected sound.  Some examples are car, far, for.
    12) Silent "e" rule or vowel-consonant-e.  When there is an "e" at the end of a  cvc word or words 
    that end with a consonant and an "e", the "e" is silent and the vowel is long 
    or says it's name.  In class we say that the "e" jumps over the consonant and 
    makes the vowel say it's name.
    13) The suffix "s".  When an "s" is added to a word it makes that word plural 
    (more than one).  Sometimes it sounds like an "s", sometimes it sounds like a 
    "Z".
    14) Blends are 2 letters that make 2 sounds, i.e. sn, sm, st, sk, sc, sw, br, cr, fr, gr, pr, tr, dr, bl, cl, fl, gl, pl, sl.
    15) Glued sounds; ang, ing, ong, ung, ank, ink, onk, unk.
    16) Vowel teams ai, ay, ee, ea, ey, oi, oy, oa, oe, ow, oo, ou, ue, ew, au, aw.  
    17) Compound words, a word that is made up of two smaller words, i.e. catnip.
    18) Digraph Blends are digraphs plus another consonant; tch, shr, nch. 
    19) Closed Syllables: Closed syllables can only have one vowel.
    The vowel is followed by one or more consonants (closed in). The vowel sound is short. i.e. bat, bath, such, flag.
    20) The Suffix "es": Words that end in ch, sh, s, x and z all need an "es" when they are plural.